Saturday, March 19, 2011
Best Indonesian Tourism - Borobudur
Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in the ninth century measuring 123 x 123 meters. It is located in Magelang, 90 km southeast of Semarang or 42 km northwest of Yogyakarta. Borobudur is one of the best preserved ancient monuments in Indonesia, which are visited by more than one million visitors from home and abroad. He was also acclaimed by the world as a cultural heritage institution type. The architectural style is unmatched throughout the world. It was completed centuries before Angkor Wat in Kamboja. Borobudur is one of the most famous temples in the world, stands majestically on a hill overlooking the green hills and distant. Borobudur is built of gray andesite stone. It rises to seven terraces, each smaller than the bottom. The summit is the Great Stupa, standing 40 meters above the ground. The walls of the Borobudur are sculpted in low relief extends over a total length of six kilometers.
Has been hailed as the largest and most comprehensive set of Buddhist reliefs in the world, unsurpassed in artistic merit and each scene an individual masterpiece.
Borobudur Temple was built in the eighth century the dynasty Cailendra, is believed to be derived from the Sanskrit words "Vihara Buddha Uhr" the Buddhist monastery on the hill. Borobudur is a terraced temple surmounted by stupas, or stone towers, terraces remind Indonesian burial foundations, according to which the Borobudur was regarded as a symbol of the burial place of its founder, Syailendra, which united after his death, and the Buddha. Prambanan temple complex is also linked to the late king. Subscribing is 856 mentions of the king's funeral and prove that the late king had joined Shiva, the founder of the Borobudur monument had joined the Buddha. Divine attributes, but has been accused of kings during their lifetime.
Mahayana marking this period shows that the purifying powers of the monarch was said to Bodhisattva, having assumed that the sovereign Shrivijaya in the 7th century, 9th century Shaivite write Kedu Plain describes a ruler as "part of Shiva."
Borobudur was in danger of collapsing its stone statues and stone cancer, moss and lichens affected by the images of interest rates. But the monument has been completely restored and was officially inaugurated by the President February 23, 1983. Restoration took eight years, financed by the Government of Indonesia, with support from UNESCO and donations from individuals and foreign governments.
Visitors have the opportunity to take a taxi or bus to reach this temple. Public transportation is available at the bus terminal. From this point visitors can hire becaks or horse carts, or walk the rest of the way to the monument. Ample parking is available near the monument, so private cars and buses can park in this area.