South America is a vast continent stretching from the sheer size of the Panama Canal to the tip of Cape Horn in southern Argentina. Because of its diverse geography and enormous size, it is difficult to squeeze all the places in an adventure travel in South America - let alone all your stuff in a backpack. Taking into account the geography, climate and season as you plan your itinerary and you will be well equipped for an easy trip to pack. Here are some tips on how to pack for your trip to South America.
How to pack for Peru
Peru's capital Lima is located in the central coast and has a desert climate all year round. Covered from April to October, high temperatures during the season clouds stay around 50-60 degrees Fahrenheit. During November and March, the sun arrives and temperatures reach 80 degrees Fahrenheit. At night, temperatures cool to about 30-45 degrees Fahrenheit. It seldom rains in this city, just a light mist or spray mist called in Spanish.
Cusco is located in the Andes, where the ancient empire of the Incas established their capital. The high altitude makes it cool nights and warm days, and Cusco is also more sensitive to rain. Pack a rain jacket, pants and a warm sweater or two. If you are planning on hiking the Inca Trail or any other walks in the Valley, be sure to bring a few pairs of waterproof clothing, as the rainy season from December to March can be very wet.
Machu Picchu is in the cloud forest between the Andes and the jungles of eastern Peru. Pack rain gear during the visit between November and April. Around the year remains relatively cool and overcast until the fog burned in the morning. There are always insects buzzing around, so bring insect repellent and long sleeves.
The Peruvian Amazon rain forest is full of wild animals - including insects, so bring bug spray and wear long sleeves. You can get malaria or yellow fever shot before you travel to Peru rainforest, but it is not necessary. The forest is also very wet and humid all year, so be prepared to get wet - bring extra clothes.
How to Pack for Patagonia
Southern Argentina and southern Chile are home to Patagonia, a strip of land covered with ice fields, glaciers, steppes and mountains ahead. Summer December-March to Patagonia - the days are longer and warmer. It is best not to go from June to September, although the months of November and April shoulder are good times to visit if you are in colder temperatures. If you are planning a day trip, you can wear clothing typical hike - including sturdy shoes and layered clothing - but if you are planning a glacier hike or ice, consider the possibility of joining a tour group with a certified guide. Some glaciers, including Perito Moreno, one has to cross a group of tourists. You can rent crampons and other gear in most of the city, but big cities are a better option.