The masses of the last great world of the settlements in New Zealand is a nation of immigrants. Maori living in the country less than 1000 years ago, when the first Europeans arrived in 1642. Together, these two peoples have forged one out of common experiences, which reflects the context of the Pacific.
First date Maori arrived in the shadow of New Zealand. According to legend, the first explorer to visit New Zealand was Kupe Polynesia, around 950 AD He returned to his ancestral homeland, Hawaiki. Four centuries later, the fleet of canoes sailing in New Zealand, guided Kupe instructions on how to find land.
Basing conclusions on radiocarbon dating Maori heaps, archaeologists believe that the first settlement was around 1300 AD Some researchers, however, believe that the Maori arrived in 2000 years, but these early settlers did not survive for long. Despite the fact that the rats they brought with them is going to destroy the native birds, lizards and toad populations. Regardless of the time they arrive, Maori have made a number of known plants and animals with them. Kiora, the Polynesian rat, was considered a great delicacy when the berries are finished. Also reportedly survived the journey was a native dog, the discipline. Root Maori brought with him were yams, taro and Kumara. Kumara is most successfully grown in colder climates than the other two, and stressed the importance of the development of Maori culture, with a permanent solution.
From the Greek era, there was talk of a Terra Australis, or "great southern continent," to compensate for land in the northern hemisphere. This mass is necessary, he argued, to offset the weight of continents in the north and the balance of the Earth on its axis.
The mathematician Pythagoras speculated on the existence of a country, but it took almost two thousand years later 17 th century Dutch explorers finally saw Australia. In 1642 the Dutch East India
Company, a business wishing to explore the prospects for trade beyond the East Indies, sent Abel Tasman south of Java in Indonesia.
The history of New Zealand (Part 2)
After sailing past Tasmania (then Van Diemen's Land), Tasman reached the point at Hokitika this 13 days in December 1642, says: "a great big high ground." He and the crews and the Zeehaen Heemskerck was observed in the Alps in the South Tasman wanted to land, but the waves rolling off the coast convinced him to head north, where he found a place quiet enough to anchor in what is now called Golden Bay. However, hostile Maori Zeehaen escaped from the sloop, and beat to death four Dutch sailors. The name of the place after the Dutch Bay. Assassins' Tasman went immediately to the north and left New Zealand waters, January 6, 1643, without further investigation.
Captain James Cook
There was a pause during the investigation in New Zealand for over 100 years. Not a good business reason to encourage all visits, even hostile Maori daunting reputation.
Then in 1769, the Englishman Captain James Cook sails on a scientific expedition to explore the South Pacific to observe the transit of the sun by the planet Venus. After observing the rare phenomenon in Tahiti, Cook sailed south until he saw the east coast of New Zealand, 9 oktober 1769th
Cook's ship, Endeavour, was well equipped for his journey, with botanists and artists on board. Additional documentation of new scientific discoveries, Cook's mission was to assess the country's potential as a colony.
A Navy Captain Cook mapped the coast and hundreds of scientists on board Discovery. In this first of three visits to New Zealand, said he landed in England. Coincidentally, a French expedition led by explorer John Surville sailing a few miles from Cook in 1769 late, but nobody knew the presence of others.
After Cook, Europeans cast rather than an excess of New Zealand, working as whale hunters, trappers and traders of timber. Looking for short-term profits, some have become permanent immigrants, not just the resource you were looking for disappeared, so they did. By 1800 it had become uneconomic to send the closure of the bands and New Zealand, as most were easy prey, the number of whales, also collapsed.
The Treaty of Waitangi
The impact of these visitors to the traditional Maori way of life has been enormous. Maori suffered a series of catastrophic diseases like measles and smallpox, and their bellicose instincts were awakened by the purchase of firearms. During the 1820s, was at least 20,000 dead in the "gun wars" Maori themselves have changed the political face of New Zealand Maori tribes who invaded the area, sometimes taking them permanently.
Another important effect of the change is Christianity. Anglican missionary Samuel Marsden established the first broadcasting station in New Zealand, Bay of Islands in 1814, and although progress has been slow to convert Maori to Christianity, the belief was an important foothold for the year 1840.
At that time, numbered about 115,000 Maori and European settlers (Pakeha) 2000. While some Maori have benefited from trade with the Europeans and the standing crop for them, he was concerned about the growing anarchy, the purchase of land by the Europeans and the wars between tribes. principal leaders requested Queen Victoria to provide a framework of law and order. Finally, Captain William Hobson to collect the signatures of Maori chiefs at Waitangi Treaty of 1840, giving the sovereignty of Great Britain. Although the translation of the Maori chiefs gave a different interpretation of the Treaty.